Prof. Kristof Crolla with CUHK
ARgan is a geometrically complex bamboo sculpture that relied on Mixed Reality (MR) for its joint creation by multiple sculptors and used latest Augmented Reality (AR) technology to guide manual fabrication actions.
ARgan is designed and built by the research team directed by Prof. Kristof Crolla and Mr. Garvin Goepel at the School of Architecture of the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) that is best known for its multiple-award-winning “ZCB Bamboo Pavilion”.
ARgan was built at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in the fall of 2019 in collaboration with Fologram and by thirty participants of a design-and-build workshop on the integration of AR in construction. As part of its construction workflow, holographic setups were created on multiple devices, including a series of Microsoft HoloLenses and several handheld Smartphones, all linked simultaneously to a single digital base model to interactively guide the manufacturing process.
This project critically evaluates the experience of extending recent AR and MR tool developments towards applications that centre on creative collaborative production. Using ARgan as a demonstrator project, its developed workflow is assessed on its ability to transform a geometrically complex digitally drafted design to its final physically built form, highlighting the necessary strategic integration of variability as an opportunity to relax notions on design precision and exact control.
ARgan is a plea for digital technology’s ability to stimulate dialogue and collaboration in creative production and augment craftsmanship, thus providing greater agency and more diverse design output.
ARgan demonstrates that common notions on building accuracy, tolerance and allowance may need recalibrating, as the hyper precision made possible through traditional CNC or robotic fabrication setups at this point does not seem commensurate to what is possible with augmented manual production. Further AR-driven design and construction related research, tailored to specific materials and craftsmanship, is needed to identify how these technologies can positively affect local construction solution spaces. With the arrival of easily accessible AR/MR technology, opportunities present themselves for increased productive dialogue and collaboration between designers and craftsmen, providing greater local agency and prospects for more diverse design output.
Project Location: Shatin, Hong Kong S.A.R.
Dates: 7 -11 November 2019
CUHK DESIGN & RESEARCH TEAM:
Principal Investigator: Prof. Kristof Crolla
Research Team: Mr. Garvin Goepel (Project Lead), Mr. Nick van den Berg & Mr. Cameron Newnham (Fologram), Mr. Julien Klisz (Video Design)
Collaborators: Fologram Pty. Ltd.
WORKSHOP AND CONSTRUCTION TEAM: Kristof Crolla, Garvin Goepel, Nick van den Berg, Cameron Newnham, Canossa Chan, Izk K Chan, Kam Wo Chan, Peter Chan, Tsz Sun Ovan Chan, Wang Fung Chan, Hoi Yan Cheung, Dominic Co, Shasha Du, Chun Hin Jacky Fong, Mengdi Guo, Kunning Hao, Chung Hei Ho, Kevin Ka Ho Ho, Maximilian Wolfgang Hoeppler, Jason Hu, Shing Fung Adwin Keung, Ho Yu Lam, Yip Fay Lau, Ho Wai Ian Leung, Siying Li, Shuk Man Lo, Wing Sze Ngan, Long Wun Adabelle Poon, Ling Sum Evangeline So, Wenyan Xue, Linlan Zeng
SPECIAL THANKS TO: Mr. Raymond Leung (CITF)
MUSIC: Organ Donor – DJ Shadow
Note: This CUHK workshop was funded by a grant from the Construction Innovation and Technology Fund (CITF) (Project No. 3200)